Labour Force
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This publication contains estimates of the civilian labour force derived from the Labour Force Survey component of the Monthly Population Survey.

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The Labour Force Survey is based on a multi-stage area sample of private dwellings (currently approximately 29,000 houses, flats, etc.) and a list sample of non-private dwellings (hotels, motels, etc.), and covers approximately 0.33% of the civilian population of Australia aged 15 years and over.

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Data cover Australia and the states and territories but excluding external territories (Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, Antarctic Territory etc.)

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The Labour Force Survey includes all persons aged 15 years and over except members of the permanent defence forces, certain diplomatic personnel of overseas governments customarily excluded from census and estimated population counts, overseas residents in Australia, and members of non-Australian defence forces (and their dependants) stationed in Australia.

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Australia and the states and territories

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Descriptions of the underlying concepts and structure of Australia's labour force statistics, and the sources and methods used in compiling the estimates, are presented in Labour Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods and Labour Force Survey Standard Products and Data Item Guide

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Media release, paper publication, electronic pdf, excel spreadsheets, SuperTABLE datacubes.

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The Labour Force Survey uses the concurrent seasonal adjustment method to derive seasonal factors. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses data up to the current month to estimate seasonal factors for the current and all previous months. This process can result in revisions each month to estimates for earlier periods. However, in most instances, the only noticeable revisions will be to the seasonally adjusted estimates for the previous month and one year prior to the current month. (see Explanatory Notes for more information)

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Labour Force statistics are compiled from the Labour Force Survey which is conducted each month throughout Australia as part of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) household survey program. For information on the institutional environment of the ABS, including the legislative obligations of the ABS, financing and governance arrangements, and mechanisms for scrutiny of ABS operations, please see ABS Institutional Environment.

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The Labour Force Survey estimates are weighted in such a way as to add up to independent estimates of the civilian population aged 15 years and over (population benchmarks). These population benchmarks are projections of the most recently released quarterly Estimated Resident Population (ERP) data. For information on the methodology used to produce the ERP see Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0).

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Labour Force Survey data are a key element of labour market and other economic information provided by the ABS. The principal objective is to facilitate the analysis and monitoring of social and economic aspects of the Australian labour market and working age population

Labour ForceAbstract

This publication contains estimates of the civilian labour force derived from the Labour Force Survey component of the Monthly Population Survey.

Contact person/organisation

For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.

Direct source

Labour Forcehttp://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6202.0?OpenDocumentSampling

The Labour Force Survey is based on a multi-stage area sample of private dwellings (currently approximately 29,000 houses, flats, etc.) and a list sample of non-private dwellings (hotels, motels, etc.), and covers approximately 0.33% of the civilian population of Australia aged 15 years and over.

Statistical population

Australia and the states and territories

Geographic coverage

Data cover Australia and the states and territories but excluding external territories (Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, Antarctic Territory etc.)

Population coverage

The Labour Force Survey includes all persons aged 15 years and over except members of the permanent defence forces, certain diplomatic personnel of overseas governments customarily excluded from census and estimated population counts, overseas residents in Australia, and members of non-Australian defence forces (and their dependants) stationed in Australia.

Key statistical concept

Descriptions of the underlying concepts and structure of Australia's labour force statistics, and the sources and methods used in compiling the estimates, are presented in Labour Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods and Labour Force Survey Standard Products and Data Item Guide

Labour Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methodshttp://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6102.0.55.001
Estimation

The estimates in this publication are based on a sample survey. Published estimates and the movements derived from them are subject to sampling variability. The estimation method used in the Labour Force Survey is Composite Estimation, which was introduced in May 2007. Composite Estimation combines data collected in the previous six months with current month's data to produce the current month's estimates, thereby exploiting the high correlation between overlapping samples across months in the Labour Force Survey. For details see links to the Information Paper.

Information Paperhttp://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/6292.0Main+Features12007?OpenDocument
Validation

Labour Force statistics are compiled from the Labour Force Survey which is conducted each month throughout Australia as part of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) household survey program. For information on the institutional environment of the ABS, including the legislative obligations of the ABS, financing and governance arrangements, and mechanisms for scrutiny of ABS operations, please see ABS Institutional Environment.

ABS Institutional Environmenthttp://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/d3310114.nsf/4a256353001af3ed4b2562bb00121564/10ca14cb967e5b83ca2573ae00197b65!OpenDocument
Weights

The Labour Force Survey estimates are weighted in such a way as to add up to independent estimates of the civilian population aged 15 years and over (population benchmarks). These population benchmarks are projections of the most recently released quarterly Estimated Resident Population (ERP) data. For information on the methodology used to produce the ERP see Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0).

Australian Demographic Statistics (Cat. No. 3101.0)http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/allprimarymainfeatures/BCDDE4F49C8A3D1ECA257B8F00126F77?opendocument
Seasonal adjustment

The Labour Force Survey uses the concurrent seasonal adjustment method to derive seasonal factors. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses data up to the current month to estimate seasonal factors for the current and all previous months. This process can result in revisions each month to estimates for earlier periods. However, in most instances, the only noticeable revisions will be to the seasonally adjusted estimates for the previous month and one year prior to the current month. (see Explanatory Notes for more information)

Explanatory Noteshttp://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/exnote/6202.0
Dissemination format(s)

Media release, paper publication, electronic pdf, excel spreadsheets, SuperTABLE datacubes.

Recommended uses and limitations

Labour Force Survey data are a key element of labour market and other economic information provided by the ABS. The principal objective is to facilitate the analysis and monitoring of social and economic aspects of the Australian labour market and working age population

Quality comments

Standard errors for other estimates and other movements may be calculated by using the spreadsheet contained in Labour Force Survey Standard Errors, Data Cube.

Labour Force Survey Standard Errors, Data Cubeshttp://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/allprimarymainfeatures/4B7781E48BDE96F9CA2570AC0078189A?opendocument